Some signs are Difficulty breathing or swallowing, Shortness of breath, Coughing, Hoarseness, Chest or Back Pain
Jammu, October 15: An aortic aneurysm is a bulge in a section of the aorta, the body's main artery. The aorta carries oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Because the section with the aneurysm is overstretched and weak, it can burst. Some aortic aneurysms burst, some don’t. Others force blood flow away from your organs and tissues, causing problems, such as heart attacks, kidney damage, stroke, and even death. According to DVFT (Delhi Vascular Foundation Trust) Dr. Rajiv Parkh, Chairman - Division of Peripheral Vascular & Endovascular Sciences, Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon, there are two types of Aortic Aneurysms. One, located in the chest, is a thoracic aortic aneurysm. The other is in the abdomen and is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
In Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Genes play a role in your chances of having an aortic aneurysm in your chest. Conditions that people can be born with that can affect the aorta include Marfan syndrome and Loeys-Dietz syndrome& there are Other causes also for thoracic aneurysm like, High blood pressure, Infection, Plaque buildup in your arteries (atherosclerosis), High cholesterol, Sudden traumatic injury. He also added that you might not know you have a thoracic aortic aneurysm because symptoms often don’t show up until the aneurysm becomes large, or bursts. But as it grows, you may notice some signs, including Difficulty breathing or swallowing, Shortness of breath, Coughing, Hoarseness, Chest or back pain.
Whereas in Abdominal aortic aneurysm can happen in the portion of your aorta that passes through your abdomen. There are usually no telltale signs to warn you that something is wrong. Still, you might have Back pain, deep pain on the side of your abdomen or throbbing sensation near your navel, If the aneurysm ruptures, you might feel sick to your stomach, or suddenly develop intense pain in your back or abdomen. You might vomit, become sweaty, or feel dizzy.
He Added Doctors don’t really know what causes an abdominal aortic aneurysm, although they suspect a few things might play a role like Hardening of the arteries, which doctors also call atherosclerosis or Smoking or High blood pressure. Doctors also think the risks increase if you injure yourself, have an infection, or if your blood vessels become inflamed. Genetics also play a role. If the doctor diagnoses you with an abdominal aneurysm, there can be a chance of blood clots. Small clots can form in the area of the aneurysm, break off, and flow to the legs, kidneys, or other organs
To Diagnosis of these symptoms’ Dr Parakh Explaind that Thoracic aortic aneurysm can be diagnosed during regular exams and tests such as an X-ray, an echocardiogram, CT scan, or ultrasound. Routine screenings, especially for specific genetic conditions, can also help your doctor find out if your chances are higher. If they are, he might prescribe medications to lower your cholesterol and reduce your blood pressure.
Dr. Parakh also said that as with a thoracic aortic aneurysm, your doctor can sometimes detect an abdominal aortic aneurysm during a routine exam. He might suggest an ultrasound screening, too, especially if you are a man from 65 to 75 years old who has ever smoked, or he thinks your chances of getting a thoracic aortic aneurysm are high.
If he finds a bulge, and it’s small, he might want to keep an eye on it to make sure it doesn’t get bigger and become a problem later. If the aneurysm is large, you might need surgery.
According to DVFT (Delhi Vascular Foundation Trust) Dr. Rajiv Parkh, Chairman - Division of Peripheral Vascular & Endovascular Sciences, Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon also says that “There is lack of awareness among many people especially Indians regarding the Aortic Aneurysm. This disease has become common nowadays. And if you are aware of this disease you can identify the disease in the initial stage itself with the help of above-said symptoms. Hence the present issue is to create awareness among the people about this Aortic Aneurysm. And it is also the task of public health servants and medical professionals to create awareness among the people to prevent it.” If the patient is aware, Aortic Aneurysmcan be easily treated in the initial stages with suitable treatment.