Air pollution levels remain dangerously high in many parts of the world. Air pollution threatens us all, but the poorest and most marginalized people bear the brunt of the burden. It is unacceptable that over 3 billion people – most of them women and children – are still breathing deadly smoke every day from using polluting stoves and fuels in their homes. If we don’t take urgent action on air pollution, we will never come close to achieving sustainable development. The increase in cities recording air pollution data reflects a commitment to air quality assessment and monitoring. Most of this increase has occurred in high-income countries, but we hope to see a similar scale-up of monitoring efforts worldwide.
While developing technologies for the benefit of man, it is also essential to study simultaneously their impact on the environment so that cyclic processes, which nature has devised for the conservation of resources is not affected. Air, water and land are the basic amenities of life. But overpopulation and rapid industrialization have created a state of decadence in the environment.
The man has continuously tampered with nature. As a result, a threat to his life has been increased, due to the lack of healthy air and potable water and the imbalance established in the biosphere. It is important to protect the environment because man-made disruptions to ecosystems can cause extinction, because pollution creates dangers for both animals and people, and because mankind owes the natural world a moral obligation.
Notwithstanding the fact that air pollution in the State is increasing with the increase in the number of vehicles and remains a matter of serious concern for one and all, the departments which are required to check fuel adulteration have not been fulfilling their duties on the pretext of lack of manpower and equipment. This has become imperative and an urgent requirement as against the over-exploitation of national resources in the name of development and as a result of desired replenishment of all the natural resources.
There is a great need to motivate the industries through incentives to be responsive to environmental protection measures and thereby cooperate with the regulatory agencies in their endeavour to implement environmental safeguards. Along with the peoples' participation at the grass root level, the formal education programmed should be provided and implementing various environmental protection projects. In addition, it is also very essential to develop environmentally friendly technologies and renewable energy sources following the principle of conservation.