The dark circles are a common problem both for men and women. Dark circles under the eyes may look purple or blue to dark brown or black, depending on skin colour. These circles are rarely a cause for concern, but people may wish to reduce their appearance for cosmetic reasons. In some cases, dark circles under the eyes can indicate a need for lifestyle changes, such as improvements to sleep habits or diet. The reasons for the dark circles under the eyes are: unhealthy nutrition, hereditary reasons, sleeplessness, aging, physical stress, mental stress, dry skin, long hours in front of the computer screen and long crying. Even though this is not a serious skin problem, it gives a person an older, tired, unhealthy and exhausted look.
CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS
The area under the eyes can appear darker due to constricted blood vessels causing hyper pigmentation, or from thinning of the skin around the eyes. All causes of dark circles under the eyes include: Lack of sleep or poor sleeping habits, NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY. (Dark circle around the eyes can be due to poor nutrition. A healthy and nutritious diet filled with vitamins like A, C, K, E and nutrients can help to get rid of dark circles), Allergies, including hay fever, Hyper pigmentation, which happens when the body produces more melanin, Reduced levels of fatty tissue around the eyes, Thinning skin under the eyes, Anemia from iron deficiency, overexposure to sunlight, Frequent rubbing of the eyes, Aging, SMOKING AND DRINKING, (Late night parties, smoking and drinking can play havoc with your skin and result in dark eye circles. Dark eye circles could be a sign of loss of water from the body (dehydration) due to excessive drinking and intake of caffeinated drinks), inherited genes, thyroid conditions, dehydration, dermatitis eye drop treatment for glaucoma, such as bimatoprost, HORMONAL CHANGES. (In women, the skin undergoes lots of changes during the phase of pregnancy and menstruation, causing darkening under the eyes)
PREVENTION:-People can help prevent the appearance of dark circles by addressing lifestyle factors..
GETTING ENOUGH SLEEP AND REDUCE STRESS:-Researchers found that stress increased the appearance of dark circles, while rest and healthy lifestyle habits decreased discoloration.
PROTECTING THE EYES FROM THE SUN:-Wearing UV protection sunglasses that cover around the eyes and wearing sunscreen around the eyes can help to prevent or reduce dark circles.
STOP SMOKING AND REDUCE ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION:-Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can speed up the aging process of the body and may increase the risk of dark circles.
SOME BEST REMEDIES TOKEEPDARK CIRCLES AWAY:
1:- ALL FOODS RICH IN VITAMIN E: - Foods rich in vitamin E help to fight enzymes that break the skin elasticity. Vitamin E fights free radicals which cause wrinkles and ageing. It also helps to remove blemishes and dark circles. Foods like almond, peanuts, sunflower seeds, spinach, and broccoli are good sources of vitamin E.
2:-GREEN VEGETABLES:- Eating green veggies improves the texture of the skin by boosting blood circulation. Green veggies like spinach and broccoli are rich in vitamin K that plays an essential role in promoting blood circulation to reduce discoloration and puffiness.
3:- EAT MORE DARK CHOCOLATES :-Flavanols-rich foods like dark chocolate protect against the harmful of UV radiation, thereby slowing down the aging process caused by too much time in the sun a delightful little fact after hearing for so long that chocolate is bad for our skin.
4:- ORANGE JUICE:- Since orange juice is high in both vitamin A and C content, it can help remove dark circles from under your eyes. Add a few drops of glycerine to orange juice and then soak a cotton makeup remover pad to apply tounder-eye skin. You’ll reap the benefits of orange’s vitamins as well as the natural glow glycerine gives to our skin.
5:- CUCUMBER:- Applying cucumber slices to the eyes may soothe tired eyes and reduce swelling. The high water and vitamin C content of cucumber may help to nourish and moisturize the skin. Cucumber also contains silica. Which is essential for healthy tissue?
6:- WATERMELON: - Watermelon is rich in antioxidants including beta carotene that supports eye health. It contains 92% water which helps it hydrate the body. It also contains vitamins B1, B6, and C as well as potassium and magnesium.
7:- BLURBERRIES:- They are rich in omega 3, vitamins K and C, and manganese—all of which are needed for good eye health. It helps to improve circulation to the eyes and protect blood vessels.
8:- WATER:-Drinking water helps to reduce dark circles and puffiness below the eyes. Water helps to flush out toxins from the body and reduces salt concentration around the eye area.
9:- ROSE WATER:-Rose water doesn’t just smell fantastic. it can also soothe and rejuvenate tired skin. Like cucumber, it’s a mild astringent, so it can work as a skin toner. Just soak cotton makeup remover pads in rose water for a few minutes, and then let the soaked makeup pads sit on your CLOSED eyelids. Leave them for about 15 minutes twice daily. Rosewater is refreshing, rejuvenating and can practically be used on almost all skin types and for all skin-related issues. It’s also a mild astringent and can be used as an effective skin toner too
10:- TOMATOES:-Tomatoes are natural bleaching agents. They also contain antioxidants that help to tame down the discoloration around the eye area.
11:-COLD MILK:-Cold milk is a natural cleanser for the eyes and also helps in soothing the sensitive skin around the eyes. Cold milk contains lactic acid, which not only helps to reduce puffiness but also lightens the skin. Additionally, potassium in milk allows the skin to stay better moisturized, leaving us with softer and supple skin.
12:-MORE SLEEP:-People can make sure they are getting enough quality sleep each night to help reduce or prevent dark circles. Rising the head up on extra pillows may help reduce dark circles and swelling around the eyes.
13: -ANTIOXIDANT SKINCARE PRODUCTS:-Face creams and under-the-eye products that contain antioxidants may help to reduce the appearance of dark circles. Vitamins E and C are antioxidants that may help treat dark circles.
14:- REMOVE MAKEUP CORRECTLY:- Do not go to sleep with your makeup still on or rub your mascara and eyeliner off. Use professional makeup removing solution.
15:- YOGA/MEDITATION:-One of the main reasons that are seen for the recurrence of dark circles under eyes is because of stress, depression and a hectic lifestyle. No amount of home remedies will work if your mind isn't cool and calm. Yoga and meditation if practiced regularly will not only decrease our dark circles will also balance the body clock whilst calming your mind, body and soul.
Dark circles can affect anyone of any age and ethnicity for a variety of reasons. Genetics, aging, and lifestyle factors all play a part in the development of dark circles. People may also find that allergies, nutrient deficiencies, or underlying health conditions can cause dark circles. Home remedies can help to treat dark circles. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with quality sleep, balanced diet, and proper hydration may all help prevent dark circles? If people have concerns about the appearance of dark circles, they can see their doctor or dermatologist for treatment options and to check for any underlying health conditions.
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The authored is Muzamil Arif BSC student from govt. Degree college Bhaderwah email: - [email protected]